Tuesday, June 14, 2022

Murdannia Nudiflora - Daun Embun Tengahari

The Malay community used to call this plant as Daun Embun Tengahari. It comes from family of Commelinaceae. The plant is traditionally being used in the treatment of asthma, leprosy and piles, stomach complaints, giddiness, and astringent.

Habit, vegetative morphology. Herb, less than 50 cm or 50–150 cm, annual or perennial, non-insectivorous, non-aromatic, non-parasitic. Bladder-shaped organs absent. Milky sap absent. Thorns absent.

Underground parts.
Underground parts without tuber-like structures. Rhizomes absent. Stolons absent.

The stem is simple to branched 15-30 cm long, reclining on the ground with rooting at the nodes. The roots are fibrous.

Leaves one type present, small (less than 2 cm long/wide) or large (more than 2 cm long/wide), not hairy on upper surface or on lower surface, hairy on upper surface or on lower surface, sessile, simple, narrow or broad, alternate, evenly distributed on stem, margin entire, apex acute or obtuse, base clasping, parallel-veined, with close-parallel secondary venation, midrib not-prominent, surface not-waxy, succulent, glands absent, dots absent, papillae absent, hydathodes absent. Leaf sheath present, hairy. Stipules absent. Ligules absent.

The leaves to be grinded and add some water in order to make it pasty. The paste then to be applied to wounded area. The result is that it will stop the heavy bleeding immediate due to. The plants have an analgesic activity which decrease the pain sensation by increasing threshold of painful stimuli.

In Sabah, crushed leaves applied on forehead to treat fever. In Indian community, Root paste with goat milk is prescribed orally to cure asthma, whole plant paste with common salt is applied on the affected area to cure leprosy.

In Indonesia, the leaves are used as poultice in Indonesia. A poultice, also called a cataplasm, is a soft moist mass, often heated and medicated that is spread on cloth over the skin to treat an aching, inflamed or painful part of the body.
Murdannia Nudiflora - Daun Embun Tengahari

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